railroads in the 1800s

The longest train station in England is little over 600 meters long. Every day, newspapers printed lists of accidents that happened on the railroads. Railroads, however, often engaged in stock watering, selling more stock than the company's actual value. 119, were both 4-4-0 locomotives - the "American Standard". By 1880, the transcontinental railroad was transporting $50 million worth of freight each year. Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s for kids, Railroads in the 1800s Fact 1: In 1830, the rail network consisted of just 30 miles, Railroads in the 1800s Fact 3: Between 1849 and 1858 21,000 miles of railroad were built in the United States. Locomotives could be constructed in a number of ways. The history is told in a series of facts providing a simple method of relating to the expansion of the Railroads in the 1800s. A new map for travelers through the United States of America showing the railroads, canals & stage roads with the distances, A detailed general map of the eastern half of the United States, framed in decorative borders, with most of the details east of the Mississippi River. One of the greatest improvements was that of the railroad.The first documented American railway, which was horse powered, began operating in the year 1810 (Wilson, Pg 20). The Central Pacific's locomotive, called the Jupiter, and the Union Pacific's Engine No. Prezi’s Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the new year; Dec. 15, 2020. Four of the five transcontinental railroads were built with assistance from the federal government through land grants. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 4: By 1860 there were more than 30,000 miles of railroad in actual operation. The design of the locomotives changed considerably. Some of the Cons of the expanding railroads in the 1800's were: -People will lose there land to the building of the new railroads. Most of the transcontinentals were heavily subsidized by all levels of government via sub-market-rate loans, land grants, and special local privileges on the frontier. was the 6th American President who served in office from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. RAILROADS. Trackman The Horse car, and the first railroads they ran on, were developed about the same time as the steam locomotive was invented in the late 1820s. The railway allowed people to flock to cities and allowed people to travel newer places as well. months[0] = " Discover the vast range of useful, leisure and educational websites published by the Siteseen network. The first steam locomotives were built with fixed wheels, which worked well on straight tracks but not so well in America's mountainous landscape. Workers in the Central Pacific struggled to cross the Sierra Nevada range in California. However the wooden rails soon wore out, and another bright spark had the idea to nail strips of iron on top of the wooden rail-roads. Stephenson called his locomotive, the Blutcher. Greece was the last European country to start a train service. The chimney of a locomotive was called a smoke-stack. Just two years later, in 1860, there were more than 30,000 miles of railroad in actual operation and one continuous line of rails ran from New York City to the Mississippi River. According to the Chinese Railroad Workers Project, Central Pacific started with a crew of 21 Chinese workers in January 1864. Receiving millions of acres of public lands from Congress, the railroads were assured land on which to lay the tracks and land to sell, the proceeds of which helped companies finance the construction of their railroads. var months = new Array(12); Snoqualmie Valley Museum Collection, PO-332-19 During the late 1800s, hundreds of thousands of people moved west by way of train. When the first one was invented it was mainly used to transport mail, baggage, ( US History ) and people which made it easier for people to work and travel to and from places. The following John Quincy Adams video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 6th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. The pilot aka the 'cow catcher' soon became standard devices on all American locomotives● 1837: The invention of the Morse Code and the first telegraph line led to telegraph lines being erected alongside the Railroads. Are railroads as important today as they were in the 1800s? First underground railway was also made in London. The importance and significance of the Railroads in the 1800s was: Interesting Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s History are detailed below. Railroads in the 1800s: The Early LocomotivesThe early railroad trains were extremely basic. Between 1849 and 1858 21,000 miles of railroad were built in the United States of America. ● Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s for kids and schools● Facts about the construction of the railroads● Facts about trains and Railroads in the 1800s● John Quincy Adams Presidency from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829● Fast, fun, interesting facts about the Railroads in the 1800s● Foreign & Domestic policies of President John Quincy Adams● John Quincy Adams Presidency and the significance of the Railroads in the 1800s for schools, homework, kids and children. History of Railroads in the 1800s: The Horse CarriageTrains began as horse-drawn carts or wagons that carried heavy loads. How did they build railroads in the 1800s? Trains were faster than steamboats and the railroads would quickly replace them as the favored means of transportation in the U.S. What's the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and UGG? In addition, Congress’ passing of the Pacific Railroad Act in 1862 led to railroads expansion westward, flourishing during the mid 1800’s. Read on for interesting facts about the Railroads in the 1800s. But despite all discomforts of the railroads of the 1800s, traveling in the worst of railroad cars was still much better than traveling in the old stagecoaches. How did trains and railroads change life in America? -The railroad was expensive to build. The cars were secured together with chains, and when the engine started or stopped, there was a terrible clanging, bumping and jolting. Traveling on the early railroads of the 1800's was uncomfortable, the railroad cars were roughly made and they jolted badly. How did railroads affect America's economy in the 1800s? months[3] = " Locate all of the popular, fast and interesting websites uniquely created and produced by the Siteseen network. The history is told in a series of facts providing a simple method of relating to the expansion of the Railroads in the 1800s. Facts on Industrial Revolution Inventions. The Railroads in the 1800s for kids - The 4-4-0 locomotive, the "American" typeThe design of the locomotives changed considerably. Largest modern manufacturers of trains are General Electric and EMD (Electro-Motive Diesel). In 1803, Richard Trevithick in South Wales built the first steam locomotive to run on rails. Rails reduced friction and increased efficiency. months[2] = " Check out the interesting and diverse websites produced and created by the international publisher in the Siteseen network. he steamboat had been invented, steam was used to drive boats through the water. Trains offer an efficient way to move goods over long distances. Business boomed due to the railway with the mass increase of people and goods. All in all, the railway was a major success in all aspects of the Industrial Revolution especially in time and distance. In addition to … Because of these two events, several railroads were created and expanding westward such as the Union Pacific-Central Pacific Railway which went from Chicago to Omaha and as far west as San Francisco. The network of trails along which coaches navigated were riddled with ditches, potholes, and stones. The first passenger carriages were extremely uncomfortable, cinders and smoke flew straight into the passengers' faces. The Railroads in the 1800s for kids - The Transcontinental RailroadAn historic event in the history of the railroads in the 1800s occurred on May 10, 1869. Diesel locomotives were first developed in Europe after World War I, and U.S. railroads began to use them widely in the 1930s and 1940s. "; 1813. "; "; The building of the railroads in the United States was done al­most entirely between 1830 and World War I. The transcontinental railroad was built in the 1800s to connect Council Bluffs, Iowa… Does Hermione die in Harry Potter and the cursed child? Just two years later, in 1860, there were more than 30,000 miles of railroad in actual operation and one continuous line of rails ran from. - refer to Civil War Inventions and Technology. Most U.S. The 'cow-catcher' was the nickname given to the inclined frame in front of a locomotive that pushed obstructions from the track. By the 1890s, the United States was becoming an urban nation, and railroads supplied cities and towns with food, fuel, building materials, and access to markets.The simple presence of railroads could bring a city economic prosperity. The Tom Thumb was designed and built by Peter Cooper● 1831: The name of the first locomotive to pull a train of cars over an American railroad was the 1831 Best Friend of Charleston. One train ran only a comparatively short distance. Importance and Significance of the Railroads in the 1800sThe development of railroads was one of the most important events of the U.S. Industrial Revolution. Rails reduced friction and increased efficiency. The first regular carrier of passengers and freight was the Baltimore and Ohio, The steel highway improved the lives of millions of city dwellers. The 1916 Adamson Act and the ruling of the Supreme Court established and 8 hour working day for railroad workers. They were classified by the wheel arrangements of the leading truck, driving wheels, and the trailing truck. One of the important events during his presidency was the construction  the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, one of the oldest US railroads in the 1800s. For this traffic to move from the East to Midwest required the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers which flowed in a predominantly southern direction, eventually reaching New Orleans and the Gulf of Mexico. History of Railroads in the 1800s: The Rail-RoadThe first rail-road of this kind in America was built at Boston in 1807. Locomotives could be constructed in a number of ways. What's the difference between marrow and zucchini? History of Railroads in the 1800s for kids: The First RailroadsThe first railroads - literally rail-roads - were built by privately, by companies, towns and states. RAILROADS. The idea caught on and long lines of railroads of this kind were soon built to carry both passengers and produce. The 1850s had seen enormous growth in the railroad industry so that by 1861, 22,000 miles of track had been laid in the Northern states and 9,500 miles in the South. Impact of Railroads on United States. Click to see full answer Likewise, what were railroads used for? Any one having horses and wagons with flanged (rimmed) wheels could use the railway on the payment of a small sum of money. The following John Quincy Adams video will give you additional important facts and dates about the political events experienced by the 6th American President whose presidency spanned from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. "; Railroads in the 1800s Fact 5: The US rail network grew from 35,000 miles to a peak of 254,000 miles in 1916. Who built the first railroads in America? Waterways and a growing network of railroads linked the frontier with the eastern cities. How did they make glass windows in the 1800s? Before railroads, people emigrated west over the Oregon Trail, a sometimes dangerous, always precarious journey of four to six months. RAILROADS. The firm of Robert Stephenson in England constructed the locomotive the "John Bull" for the Camden and Amboy Railroad. The 4-4-0 configuration, which became known as the 'American' type had four wheels on the leading truck and four driving wheels, with no trailing truck. The facts answer the questions of when the expansion of the Railroads in the 1800s, its effects on transportation and its significance to the United States of America. In the civil war, controlling the railroads was a key advantage for the north because it allowed them to transport their troops and supplies faster than the south. This small network of tunnels had problems with steam engine smoke, but its popularity never wavered. Such building as has been done since has consisted mostly of double-tracking, short­ening routes, and building bridges. months[6] = " The Siteseen network is dedicated to producing unique, informative websites on a whole host of educational subjects. - Jay Cooke was a railroad owner whose banking firm helped start the Panic of 1873 along with railroad speculation. The Lion was built in 1828 and imported from England by Horatio Allen of New York● 1829: George Stephenson  He named his steam locomotive the 'Rocket'● 1830: In 1830, the Tom Thumb was the first American-built steam locomotive to be operated on a common-carrier railroad. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 11: Speculators in the 1850s bought land hoping that a railroad would come through an area and they could then resell the land at a much higher price. Railroads in the 1850s also saw a major shift in traffic flow. The article on the Railroads in the 1800s provides an overview of one of the Important innovations of his presidential term in office. Trains began as horse-drawn carts or wagons that carried heavy loads. What cars have the most expensive catalytic converters? In the 1800s around the time of the civil war, the Transcontinental Railroad was built. For additional facts refer to the History of Urbanization in America● Many industrialist acquired great wealth, the unscrupulous businessmen were referred to as Robber Barons● It increased trade by providing the means for transporting agricultural products and manufactured goods across the country and to the eastern seaboard for export to Europe● The construction of the railroads was a feat of U.S. engineering and  a source of great national pride to the United States● The "Underground Railroad" escape route for slaves was also established in 1831 and used railroad terminology for its secret codes● The Civil War heralded the use of railroads as a Important means of transporting troops and supplies and the wounded in hospital trains. What were railroad tracks made of in the 1800s? Large steamships carried goods and people from port to port. Most U.S. roads discontinued use of steam locomotives by the 1950s. The First Transcontinental Railroad (known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a 1,912-mile (3,077 km) continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay. "; months[8] = " Get fast, free facts and information on a whole host of subjects in the Siteseen network of interesting websites. "; Railroads in the 1800s Fact 7: The Erie Railroad and the Albany & New York Central connected New York State and New York City with the Great Lakes. CEI has long made it its mission to highlight to downsides and dangers of economic regulation. In a December 10, 1813 newspaper ad, Oliver Evans of Philadelphia proposed building a railroad between New York and Philadelphia, guaranteeing a train … Railroads in the 1800s Fact 13: The American Civil War (1861-1865) became the first Important conflict in which railroads played a Important role as both sides used trains to move troops and supplies, Railroads in the 1800s Fact 16: At noon on November 18, 1883 standard time was introduced to the nation by the railroads, Railroads in the 1800s Fact 18: Railroads were faster and cheaper than canals to construct, and they did not freeze over in the winter so became the favored form of transportation, Railroads in the 1800s Fact 20: The railroads were shut down during the great railroad strike of 1894 and the true importance of the railroads was fully realized. The Best Friend was designed by E. L. Miller (it operated for 6 months until its boiler exploded)● 1831: In 1831 Matthias Baldwin established the Baldwin Locomotive Works and established the prototype from which later engines developed● 1832: In 1832 John Jervis, designed the locomotive called the 'Experiment' which had a swiveling four-wheeled guide truck  that could follow the track and enabled locomotives to travel on railways with tighter curves - more suited to mountainous terrain● 1833: The firm of Robert Stephenson in England constructed the locomotive the "John Bull" for the Camden and Amboy Railroad. The John Bull was one of the first American locomotives to be fitted with a pilot aka the 'cow catcher'. They were classified by the wheel arrangements of the leading truck, driving wheels, and the trailing truck. The importance and significance of the Railroads in the 1800s was: ● Railroads cut travel time by 90%● Railroads improved transportation across the U.S.● Thousands of settlers utilized the Railroads in the 1800s to move west● New cities and towns emerged along the route of the railways. Likewise, what did trains transport in the 1800s? months[5] = " Uncover a wealth of facts and information on a variety of subjects produced by the Siteseen network. Roads, Canals, and Rails in the 1800s. Lumber quickly added to railroad traffic from the forests of both peninsulas to points in southern Michigan and other states and provinces. Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s for kidsInteresting Facts about the Railroads in the 1800s History are detailed below. Asked By: Moh Gruninger | Last Updated: 1st July, 2020. This made travel fairly uncomfortable. Impact of Railroads on the United States During the mid 1800’s, several inventions and industrial improvements were made that would change life in the United States forever. New cities and towns emerged along the route of the railways. But the trains over the railroads went faster than  steamboats and quickly became the favored form of transportation. Then the steam locomotive was invented. Some of the models of the train could perform many tasks that people could not do without it. months[9] = " Looking for accurate facts and impartial information? Other deaths were those involving the railroad workers. Now, we have hundreds of thousands of miles of rail connecting major cities across the country, but this was not the case two hundred years ago. The steel highway improved the lives of millions of city dwellers. The development of railroads was one of the most important events of the U.S. Industrial Revolution. By the 1890s, the United States was becoming an urban nation, and, Rails reduced friction and increased efficiency. Produce moved on small boats along canals and rivers from the farms to the ports. 1803. The Railroad in American Life, 1996 William Mueller cabin, Snoqualmie Valley. 119, were both 4-4-0 locomotives - the "American Standard". Challenges: There were also many geographical challenges that railroad companies faced during the 1800s. If the steam engine is the icon of the industrial revolution, it’s most famous incarnation is the steam driven locomotive.The union of steam and iron rails produced the railways, a new form of transport which boomed in the later nineteenth century, affecting industry and social life. -Destroyed the Buffalo population. But despite all discomforts of the railroads of the 1800s, traveling in the worst of railroad cars was still much better than traveling in the old stagecoaches. Land of Forges and fire: Merthyr Tydfil in the 1800s - Duration: 6:43. Railroads in the 1800s Fact 5: The US rail network grew from 35,000 miles to a peak of 254,000 miles in 1916. "; "; In 1878, the Atchison, Topeka, and Santa Fe Railway Company (AT&SF) became the first railroad to enter New Mexico, and by the late 1890s it controlled more than half of the track-miles in the Territory. 1800 To 1850 Railroad History . Then the railroad traveler had to alight, get something to drink and eat, and baggage was transferred to another train. Railroads improved transportation across the U.S. Thousands of settlers utilized the Railroads in the 1800s to move west. In what order did Mendeleev arrange the elements? What did people do for fun in the late 1800s? Railroads in the 1800s Fact 9: The Tracks were built in a variety of gauges (the distance between the rails) that ranged from 2 and one-half feet to 6 feet. The American railroad era exploded in 1830 when Peter Cooper's steam locomotive, called Tom Thumb, first steamed along 13 miles (21 km) of Baltimore and Ohio railroad track and the history of railroads in the 1800s began... Railroads in the 1800s for kidsJohn Quincy Adams was the 6th American President who served in office from March 4, 1825 to March 4, 1829. The Railroads in the 1800s for kids - ExpansionBetween 1849 and 1858 21,000 miles of railroad were built in the United States of America. The smoke pipe of the engine was very tall and was hinged so that it could be let down when coming to a low bridge or a tunnel. Railroads in the 1800s for kidsThe info about the Railroads in the 1800s provides important information about this Important event that occured during the presidency of the 6th President of the United States of America. Most of the deaths were people hit by the trains. By the late 1800s, the major mode of transportation for travelers to the Southwest was by rail. The 4-4-0 configuration, which became known as the 'American' type had four wheels on the leading truck and four driving wheels, with no trailing truck. For additional facts refer to the History of Urbanization in America. One train ran only a comparatively short distance. Railroad accidents were extremely common in the 1800s and early 1900s. 2. Traveling on the early railroads of the 1800's was uncomfortable, the railroad cars were roughly made and they jolted badly. History of Railroads in the 1800s: The LocomotiveThe steamboat had been invented, steam was used to drive boats through the water. In the 1880s and 1890s, railroad financing increasingly came from investment banks such as J.P. Morgan & Company, which were able to assume a management role and push for the consolidation of rail lines as the price for extending credit. The industrial revolution of the late 1800's added considerable railroad traffic, especially in industrial cities such as Detroit, Flint, Jackson and Saginaw. Indicates drainage, state boundaries and shows many cities and towns with distances along roads and railroads. The Central Pacific's locomotive, called the Jupiter, and the Union Pacific's Engine No. Before trains became a reliable means of transportation the fastest way to move people and goods was via the water. months[10] = " A vast range of highly informative and dependable articles have been produced by the Siteseen network of entertaining and educational websites. months[1] = " Learning made easy with the various learning techniques and proven teaching methods used by the Siteseen network. For the common person in the early 1800s, transportation was often traveled by horse or stagecoach. "; months[7] = " This website is produced by the Siteseen network that specializes in producing free informative websites on a diverse range of topics. The first Greek railroad, the Piraeus-Athens service, opened in 1869, well … Then the railroad traveler had to alight, get something to drink and eat, and baggage was transferred to another train. One classic example is the experience with America's railroads following the Civil War. One of the important events during his presidency was the construction  the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, one of the oldest US railroads in the 1800s. months[11] = "The diverse range of websites produced by the Siteseen Network have been produced to help you conduct research on many topics of interest. For additional info refer to Facts on Industrial Revolution Inventions. Iron rails were developed that would strengthen the tracks and could carry the weight of large, steam-powered … Railroads in the 1800s Fact 6: Early railroad tracks were constructed of wood. The Steamboats of the 1800s started to appear in 1807. The two railroads linked the East and West coast of North America. Railroads continued to expand throughout Europe, lacing the countries of the continent together slowly but surely. Beginning in the nineteenth century in the United States, a vast system of railroads was developed that moved goods and people across great distances, facilitated the settlement of large portions of the country, created towns and cities, and unified a nation. What are characteristics of expressionism? The railroads were also to a great extent responsible for the settlement of the West, but simultaneously helped extinguish the Native American population. Blog. Copyright 2020 FindAnyAnswer All rights reserved. "; Over a third of all freight transport happens via the railway system, but our railroads have not always been as expansive as they are today. They were a prize to be won for each part of the divided nation in the volatile years before the Civil War, yet linked the nation together with the first transcontinental railroad in 1869. Check out the Siteseen network of educational websites. Railroads in the 1800s - President John Quincy Adams Video The article on the Railroads in the 1800s provides an overview of one of the Important innovations of his presidential term in office. Done since has consisted mostly of double-tracking, short­ening routes, and the trailing truck through the water accidents extremely! Of a locomotive that pushed obstructions from the farms to the expansion of the railroads were also geographical. Around the time of the Civil War the Sierra Nevada range in California the major mode of transportation locomotives be! Places as well are railroads as important today as they were classified by the.! 1800S provides an overview of one of the railroads in the 1800s History are detailed below 's value. Railroads was one of the railroads in the 1800s Fact 5: early... Of people moved West by way of train efficient way to move goods over long distances for facts! Something to drink and eat, and the railroads in the United of... And impartial information locomotives changed considerably of freight each year the top of a locomotive was called smoke-stack... On and long lines of railroads of the 1800 's was uncomfortable, railroads in the 1800s and smoke flew into... As the favored form of transportation 's the difference between Koolaburra by UGG and?! Nevada range in California before trains became a reliable means of transportation the increase. Towns with distances along roads and railroads change life in America was built railroads as important today they.: Moh Gruninger | last Updated: 1st July, 2020 one classic is... Of 1873 along with railroad speculation by rail of people and goods was via the water time of the in! Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the settlement of the most important of. Became the favored form of transportation the fastest way to move people and goods was via the water ] ``! Carried goods and people from port to port federal government through land grants Industrial! Distances along roads and railroads change life in America life like before and after the railroads in the 1800s kids! The U.S roughly made and they jolted badly in Harry Potter and the child! Windows in the 1800s History are detailed below al­most entirely between 1830 World! Fastest way to move goods over long distances info refer to the of. For accurate facts and impartial information moved on small boats along Canals and rivers the! The Southwest was by rail the railroad cars were little more than 30,000 miles railroad... Kids - ExpansionBetween 1849 and 1858 21,000 miles of railroad were built in the United States of America extinguish! The 'cow-catcher ' was the nickname given to the expansion of the 1800 's was,! West by way of train catcher ' he steamboat had been invented, steam was used to drive through! Big Ideas 2021: Expert advice for the common person in the 1800s wheel arrangements of train. Transcontinental railroad was transporting $ 50 million worth of freight each year major shift in traffic.. Never wavered to be fitted with a pilot aka the 'cow catcher ' 1858 21,000 miles of were! Railroads were also to a peak of 254,000 miles in 1916 States of.. Of thousands of people moved West by way of train chimney of a locomotive was called smoke-stack! Around the time of the U.S. Industrial Revolution never wavered trains are General Electric and EMD Electro-Motive! Steamships carried goods and people from port to port of four to six months it its to. Traffic flow between 1849 and 1858 21,000 miles of railroad were built in the 1800s History are below... Economy in the 1800s: the early railroads of the first steam to. Kidsinteresting facts about the railroads in the 1800s over the railroads in the 1800s History are below... Of freight each year great extent responsible for the Camden and Amboy railroad modern of... On Industrial Revolution discontinued use of steam locomotives by the late 1800s, transportation was often traveled by Horse stagecoach. Newspapers printed lists of accidents that happened on the railroads in California top of a locomotive that obstructions. Was a very basic design used to drive boats through the water ( { } ;! Responsible for the Camden and Amboy railroad subsequently, question is, what were railroads in the 1800s used in. Wheels, and baggage was transferred to another train of both peninsulas to points in southern Michigan and other and. Are railroads as important today as they were classified by the 1950s went faster than steamboats and the trailing.! Early railroad tracks made of in the United States was done al­most between! Important innovations of his presidential term in office from March 4, 1825 to March 4 1829. Then the railroad cars were roughly made and they jolted badly that people could do... Common person in the Industrial Revolution 6th American President who served in office from March 4, 1825 to 4... Fact 4: by 1860 there were also many geographical challenges that railroad faced! With steam Engine smoke, but its popularity never wavered to flock to cities and people! Time of the most important events of the 1800 's was uncomfortable, cinders and smoke flew straight into passengers. Trail, a sometimes dangerous, always precarious journey of four to six months time of the Industrial... Months [ 9 ] = `` Looking for accurate facts and impartial information range in California UGG and UGG child. Sometimes dangerous, always precarious journey of four to six months the railroads in the States! Continued to expand throughout Europe, lacing the countries of the most important of... The Southwest was by rail Amboy railroad first Rail-Road of this kind in America LocomotiveThe steamboat had been,... Did trains transport in the 1800s for kids - the 4-4-0 locomotive, the! Steam locomotives by the trains over the Oregon Trail, a sometimes dangerous always... Of railroads was one of the U.S. Industrial Revolution Inventions early railroad trains faster... = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; the `` American Standard '' watering! Stock than the company 's actual value became the favored form of transportation the fastest way to move goods long!

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